The two leading parents of 'Shao Orphans' were arrested on June 22, 2011 by Shaoyang police on sex charges.
After the broke of scandal of several Chinese government agency, including many provincial level agencies engaged child trafficking on May 9, 2011, Longhui County, Shaoyang Prefecture, and Hunan Province promised to investigate. The investigation disputed all 'rumors' spared on the Internet, and cleared the local governments of any wrongdoing, as a spokesperson told the official Renmin of the CCP Central Propaganda Department on July 14, 2011. Parents alleged their children were taken away by local officials citing family planing violations (most of these children were only child of a family, some have all proper papers, some do not have proper papers due to varies reasons). Health, police and court systems forged document to make these children 'orphans' so that they may qualify for international adoption. Then these children were sold to adoptive families, most Americans', for profit. Because many of these children were named 'Shao', the scandal were referred 'Shao Orphans' in news.
The 'Shao Orphans' is not an isolated incident. Before and after the alleged time frame when the children were taken by force by government officials in Shaoyang, Hunan, several other cases in other provinces went to court trail when many other state run orphanages were found actively engaging in child trafficking for profit. In some cases, state orphanages were found paying for mob to steal babies, so that they could be sold to western families for adoption.
While the parents are preparing for legal actions, the two leading parents were arrested by police, accusing them of buying sex.